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  • Writer's pictureDr. Sheena Afua

Intense pain and discomfort?

Updated: Apr 1, 2023

Giving birth is a life-changing experience that comes with intense pain and discomfort. Fortunately, there are different types of pain medications available to ease the pain during labor and delivery. In this blog, we will explore the different types of pain medication used in the hospital during labor and delivery, including the use of Benadryl. We will also discuss the options available for women who are having contractions prior to giving birth.


  1. Epidural anesthesia Epidural anesthesia is the most popular form of pain relief during labor and delivery. It involves the use of a catheter inserted into the epidural space in the lower back, which delivers pain medication directly to the nerves that transmit pain signals from the uterus and cervix. Epidurals provide excellent pain relief, but they can cause side effects such as low blood pressure and prolonged labor.

  2. Nitrous oxide Nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas, is a safe and effective pain relief option for women during labor and delivery. It is a gas that is inhaled through a mask and can help relieve pain and anxiety during contractions. Nitrous oxide does not affect the progress of labor, and the effects wear off quickly.

  3. Opioids Opioids are pain medications that are given by injection or through an IV. They work by blocking pain signals in the brain and can be effective in reducing pain during labor. However, they can also cause drowsiness and respiratory depression in the mother and the baby.

  4. Local anesthesia Local anesthesia involves the injection of a numbing medication directly into the vaginal area. This can be helpful in reducing pain during episiotomy or if forceps or a vacuum are needed during delivery.

  5. Benadryl Benadryl, also known as diphenhydramine, is an antihistamine that is sometimes used in conjunction with other pain medications during labor and delivery. It can help relieve itching, nausea, and anxiety, and it can also enhance the effects of other pain medications.

For women who are having contractions prior to giving birth, there are several options available. These include:


  1. TENS machine A TENS machine is a small, handheld device that delivers electrical impulses to the nerves in the lower back. It can help reduce pain during contractions and is non-invasive and drug-free.

  2. Breathing techniques Breathing techniques such as Lamaze and Bradley can be effective in reducing pain and anxiety during labor. They involve deep breathing and relaxation techniques that can help women cope with contractions.

  3. Hydrotherapy Hydrotherapy involves the use of warm water to help ease pain and relax the muscles during labor. It can be done in a bathtub, shower, or birthing pool.

In conclusion, there are different types of pain medications available to women during labor and delivery, including epidural anesthesia, nitrous oxide, opioids, local anesthesia, and Benadryl. Women who are having contractions prior to giving birth have several options available, including TENS machines, breathing techniques, and hydrotherapy. It is important for women to discuss their options with their healthcare provider and make an informed decision that is best for them and their baby.


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